Commodity Profile


Rice

Mongo

Peanut

Eggplant

Mango

Tomato

Coffee

Banana
(Saba)

Calamansi
(Philippine Lemon)

Papaya

Pineapple

Tobacco

MONGO 

Technical Description
Mungbean (Vigna radiata Wilczek), commonly called mongo, is the cheapest source of vegetable protein with protein content of 20-25 percent. It is rich in vitamins, calcium and sodium, which are usually deficient in most bean diets. It is an excellent crop for green manuring, because it matures early, grows fast and produces abundant vegetative tops.

Utilization
Mungbeans are mainly utilized for human food: infant supplements, snacks, desserts and viands. It is a basic ingredient in popular food items like hopia, butse-butse, sotanghon and halo-halo. It is cooked with meat or shrimps or served as vegetable dish. It is the basic material in the preparation of piyaya, an ilonggo delicacy. Its sprouts in meal dishes are very popular not only in the Philippines but also in Japan, Korea, Taiwan and Thailand.  It is also a relovent, carminative and antipoisoning agent.

Farm Practices
Mongo is a Nitrogen-rich crop used in intecropping rotation and relay cropping. Farmers plant mongo during the second cropping season due to its low moisture content. It is fairly drought-tolerant crop with a short maturity period. It is also used as a substitute for soybean meal in poultry feed formulation.

Mongo is planted by row-grill method, or broadcast method. Harvesting starts within 65-72 days after planting when pods turn brown or black and leaves turn yellow. It is done by handpicking the pods which are then sundried, threshed and packed in sacks.

Specifications
Most common varieties are the native and Imelda. The grains of the native/Imelda variety are green and yellow but the grains are in native than that of Imelda variety.
Whole mongo grains are available for wholesale buying and selling in sacks of 25-30kg each. The minimum volume transaction is one-half sack.

Retailers sell both green and yellow using either big nescafe glass weighing 350gms, one liter caltex can weigh 0.5kg or a salmunan weighing 0.25kg.

Seasonality
Mongo is abundant from February to May, coincides with the second and third cropping season. During the lean months of June to January, mongo from manila augment local supply.

Price Formation and Differentiation
Traders based their prices on demand and supply forecasts. During peak supply of mongo, prices dip by P3.00 to P4.00 per kilogram. On the other hand, prices rise by P5.00 to P6.00 per kilogram during lean months.
Imelda variety fetches a higher price in the market.  

Market Flow
Farmer/Producer
Wholesaler/MiddlemenRetailerConsumer
Farmer/Producer
ProcessorRetailerConsumer
Farmer/Producer
ProcessorConsumer
Farmer/Producer
Consumer

Marketing Practice
Bulk of farmers produce is sold to agents, retailers, wholesalers, wholesaler-retailer, assembler-wholesaler, and processor.  Only small quantity is left for food and feeds.

Western Visayas 2002 Mongo Production

Provinces

 Area Harvested (ha.)

Production (MT)

Aklan
Antique
Capiz
Iloilo
Guimaras
Negros Occ.
32.0
1,383.0
16.0
1,268.0
144.0
600.0

56.90
743.48
71.81
279.93
87.30
351.22

Total

3,443.0

1,590.64

Average yield per hectare is 0.5 MT.
Source: Bureau of Agricultural Statistics, Region 6, Iloilo City    

Cost and Return Analysis of a One Hectare Peanut Production

Method of Planting : Direct seeding (drilled)
Variety: HYV
Seed Requirement: 20 kg. @ P 230.00 / kg.

 A. Land Preparation

   Plowing 8 MAD @ P 250.00 / day
   Harrowing 4 MAD
   Furrowing 3 MAD
                          Sub-total

P 2000.00
    1000.00
     750.00
 3,750.00

B. Crop Management
     Planting 10 MD @ P 120.00/day
     Replanting 4 MD
     Weeding 10 MD
     Application of Fertilizers  2 MD
     Spraying 3 MD
                          Sub-total


1,200.00
480.00
1,200.00
240.00
360.00
3,480.00

C. Agricultural Inputs
   
HYV Seeds
    Fertilizers (T-14) bags @ P450.00/bag
    Insecticides 1 liter
    Fungicides 1 kilogram
                          Sub-total


600.00
1,740.00
1,020.00
250.00
3,610.00

D. Other Major Operations
     Harvesting 10 MD
     Drying and shelling 4 MD
     Hauling 1 MD
                          Sub-total
          Total Cost of Production


1,200.00
480.00
120.00
3,610.00
12,640.00


  Expected Production 0.75 mt @ P 20.00/kg.
       Less Total Cost of Production


15,000.00
12,640.00


         Net Income
         ROI


2,360.00
18.67%

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